Footnotes

The links on this page are provided primarily for the convenience of readers of the printed book. They enable you to easily access various URLs without the need to type them out in full.

The Internet is a very dynamic thing, and we have no control over what third-parties do with their own websites. So, some of the links published in the book may become out-of-date - or even become inactive (as was the case with the www.CosmologyStatement.org site).  This special 'Footnotes' page allows us to fix broken links for you, if any websites re-structure their content - or link to alternative pages (or perhaps a copy of it that we made ourselves) if the original content is no longer published. For this reason, all the links in the e-book versions also take you to a matching bookmark in this page, which has the live links to third-party websites.

Unfortunately, two different numbering schemes have been used for footnotes. In the electronic versions, they continue consecutively through the entire book. In the printed version, the numbers are reset and start again from one within each chapter. (In the printed version, the footnotes are at the bottom of each page. In the e-books, they are all listed together at the end of each chapter.) So, in the copies of the footnotes with hyperlinks below, we have given the e-book footnote number first, followed immediately by the printed footnote number and page number enclosed in brackets.

Part 1: Thinking Again – About Our Origins

The Universe

8. (1 on Page 27 - 'fabric of space') If you are not familiar with this terminology and its associated concepts, use the phrases ‘metric expansion of space’ and ‘fabric of space expanding accelerating’ in a search engine. There are several astronomy and physics websites that give good explanations. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accelerating_expansion_of_the_universe is also useful.

14. (7 on Page 31) Sheldon, R. (2014, March). Bang for the buck: What the BICEP2 consortium’s discovery means. Evolution News and Science Today. Retrieved from https://evolutionnews.org/2014/03/bang_for_the_bu/

21. (14 on Page 39) There are problems even with the simulations for the inner planets. None have been able to produce a result that matches the observed sizes and orbits of Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, and the asteroids. See https://www.nature.com/articles/nature16322

 

Life and Biosphere: The Origin of Life

26. (4 on Page 47) A peptide bond is a chemical bond formed between two molecules when the carboxyl group of one molecule reacts with the amino group of the other molecule, releasing a molecule of water. Retrieved from www.sciencedaily.com/terms/peptide_bond.htm

28. (6 on Page 50) An E.coli cell has about three million protein molecules. A budding yeast cell has 90 to 140 million. http://book.bionumbers.org/how-many-proteins-are-in-a-cell/

47. (10 on Page 73) Google these three cellular machine names: RNA polymerase, ribosome, and chaperonin. Try Wikipedia or https://www.nigms.nih.gov/education/cells/. Then search again adding the keyword image or animation. Be aware that most animations are greatly simplified compared with the real thing. Other cellular machines worth investigating are ATP synthase and kinesin motor protein.

50. (13 on Page 75) Bernhardt, HS (2012). The RNA world hypothesis is the worst theory of the early evolution of life (except for all the others). Biology Direct, 7 (23). doi: 10.1186/1745-6150-7-23 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/articles/PMC3495036/

53. (16 on Page 80) See https://creation.com/the-adaptation-of-bacteria-to-feeding-on-nylon-waste for a good summary of the more significant problems, and why existing built-in flexibility is a more likely explanation.

 

Life and Biosphere: Geological Time

63. (6 on Page 94) Retrieved from http://NewGeology.us/presentation48.html

 

Consciousness

66. (2 on pp 102-103) ...Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2635011/ Google-create-CONSCIOUS-computer-expert-claims.html

 

Design – Apparent or Real?

72. (6 on Page 116) Some of the material referred to here is from http://biology.kenyon.edu/slonc/bio3/2000projects/carroll_d_walker_e/whatwentwrong.html

 

Part 2: Thinking Again – If We Are Created

Sifting Through the Alternatives

74. (2 on Page 130) Useful resources: www.wikipedia.org provides overviews of most topics – usually from a pro-evolution perspective – and relevant external links. Useful sites that present the creation perspective are: creation.com, icr.org, and crev.info

 

Special Characteristics of the Bible

93. (12 on Page 153) See http://www.bethlehemstar.com/the-day-of-the-cross/the-celestial-dirge/ Other pages on this site also make interesting reading, including its claim about the Star of Bethlehem that caused astronomers from the East to search for a very special Jewish king who had been born.